Nil Otel / Historical Places
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Historical Places

ZEUGMA
Mosaic floors and wall frescos, which inform us on city life of Rome in circa 2nd and 3rd Century, have been made by skilful craftsmen. Mosaics would be made through the use of coloured river stones. They would be prepared by integration of 10 colours, including white, black, brown, green, red, yellow, orange and pink, and many colour tones from light to dark, and light and shadow. Those not existing in the nature would be provided in glass work-shops.
Gipsy Girl
It was named, due to her cap and short forehead, as Gypsy Girl when it was founded. Later on, it has been thought to be Alexander the Great or mother earth Gaia. However, afterwards it has been understood that she was Maenad, the female follower of Dionysus, due to tendrils next to her head. This mosaic, made in circa 2nd -3rd Century, has become the symbol of Zeugma. Her eyes look at her surrounding by 360 degrees.
Poseidon Mosaic
The mosaic which portrays Poseidon, God of Seas, belongs to the base of a pool. Poseidon holds a trident in his right hand. Under his cart which is pulled by a pair of horse-bodied, fish-tailed creature are the busts of Oceanus, Titan of Rivers, around the shoulders of whom two river creatures are wrapped, and Tethys, his wife. With rich themes, this mosaic is remarkable for its borders ornamenting its edges.
DÜLÜK
Dülük Village and its surrounding, located in 11 km north of Gaziantep, has witnessed all of the main houses through the human history and carried their traces to our day. It is nearly like an open-air  museum with stone tools used by people who had lived 30-40 thousand years ago, Mitras underground temple, magnificent rock-cut tombs, quarries where colossal rock blocks were extracted. It is one of the oldest settlement places in Anatolia. In researches made in place, flint stone tools were founded, which were made by humans who lived in Palaeolithic Age. In order to process quality flint stone in the region, the hills around the village and the big cave have been used as workshop. Grinded stone tools and their remnants found in this village are named after Dolikien (Dülük type).
ADDRESS: 7km far away from Gaziantep
DÜLÜK MITHRAS TEMPLE
This is the first Mithras underground temple founded in Anatolia. This temple has two halls and in its central niche, in the shrine position of the temple, bull killing scene with the name of Tauroctony has been depicted in relief. It depicts God Mithras killing a bull, and around of it, there are figures as stars symbolizing planets, and scorpion, snake and dog symbolizing constellation. Mithras cult, having started to spread from Tarsus in the 1st century, has reached to Scotland and Sahara in the 3rd Century. The blood of the bull sacrificed in Mithras rituals would be drunk, and the people would bath with this blood. Thus, it would be believed that the power and immortality of the god, represented by the bull symbolizing a vanished age, would be acquired.
ADDRESS:In the south skirt of Keber Hill in Dülük.

GAZİANTEP CASTLE
Gaziantep is one of the first settlement places in Anatolia, and it is between Mesopotamia and Mediterranean, where the civilizations have emerged. Settlement places as Sakçagözü, Zincirli, Karkamış, Yesemek, Dülük, Zeugma(Belkıs) have witnessed the cultural and political structure, and development in the prehistoric ages of the region. The first kingdom centre that has reigned in the region was the Kingdom of Aleppo. After death of Alexander the Great, the entire region, as well as Gaziantep and its surrounding, have been included in the Kingdom of Seleucids. Afterwards having been participated in the land of Commagene, it has continued its existence under the Roman Empire for a long time. Christianity has spread during Byzantium reign.
In the caliphate period of Omar, the public has embraced Islam after the Islam armies have captured the region. A Turkish State has been established under the reign of Seljuks after the Battle of Manzikert. Dulkadirids and Mamluks have settled in the city which has been destructed due to Mongolian invasion. Having been entered under the rule of Ottoman Empire after Battle of Marj Dabiq, the city has made progress in production, trade and handcrafts in this period. At the end of the World War I, Antep suffered English and French invasion, however, it made a stand against such invasion and gained the title “Gazi” (War Veteran). The most striking historical artefacts of Gaziantep, which have been found on the route of Silk Road and which have survived to our day, belong to the periods of Hittite, Rome and Ottoman.

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